Brunswick Running Horse Wappen.
Joseph P. Robinson.
29 November 2005.
The single most popular helmet is that of
the first and second Battalion 92nd Infantry Regiment, prior
to 1912. The acquisition of the Neumann catalog brought
up a few points about the enamel wappen. The example I will
use is the very popular running horse wappen from Brunswick
or Braunschweig. There have been a lot of questions about
this wappen as the prices commanded by this popular helmet
have soared. Arguments about paint and the amount of enamel
went back and forth. Stubbs does a great job in his book,
taking one apart. The general consensus was less enamel
= less likely to be original. Lots of questions and lots
What this catalog shows us is that there were
four qualities of the enamel center of the wappen.
1. A helmet with gilded metal, silvered star, and lacquered
2. A helmet with heavy gilded metal, and lacquered wappen.
3. A helmet with heavy gilded metal, the center of the wappen
enameled. But the cross on the wappen is lacquered.
4. A helmet with a genuinely silvered star and a totally
Of course there are many manufacturers of
the wappen all with its different twists. The style of horses
were different. And the central post with a green top is
enameled in some examples and painted in others.
I cannot attest that either of the two above
examples are from Neumann. The example on the right has
red in the mask of the crown. The example on the left no
longer has any evidence of that color. One interesting point
is that the top-of-the-line wappen cost 50% more than the
bottom of the line.
In volume 1 of his excellent two-volume series.
The French author Lacarde laments that there are many running
horse fakes. He alludes to the fact that in some cases,
the enamel is just not right. While I am positive that the
author has seen some phony enamel, the catalog quote above
should prove that not all of these wappen were enameled.
But why so many? It certainly seems that there are more
of these than one would expect from two battalions of use
prior to 1912. The answer is in the landwehr. All officers
under the Bezirkscommando wore this wappen. All other than
active units in XCorps are suspect at the least. This excerpt
from "Das Deutsche Heer" bares this point out
The writing in red was done
by an older collector, and it says not in enamel. No proof
of this claim exists that is currently known.