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Deutschland

The Kingdom of Württemberg, a German state since 1083, was a member state of the German Confederation from 1815 to 1866. It fought on the side of Austria in 1866 but three weeks after the battle of Koniggratz her troops were decisively beaten at Tauberbischofsheim. Württemberg paid an indemnity of 8,000,000 Gulden, and at once concluded a secret offensive and defensive treaty with Prussia.  Württemberg military became a contingent of the Prussian Army in November 1870.  There had been a secret mutual defense alliance with Prussia prior to that.  In this convention, the Kingdom of Württemberg was treated similarly to the Kingdom of Saxony from their 1867 agreement.  Similar to Saxony, Württemberg infantry Regiment 126 was assigned to XV Army Corps in Alsace-Lorraine , unlike the other Württemberg troops, who became Army Corps XIII of the Imperial German Army with own War Ministry, however under the leadership of a Prussian commanding general. In 1871 Württemberg became a member of the German empire, but retained control of her own post office, telegraphs and railways. In 1904 the railway system was united with that of the rest of Germany. Württemberg was a hereditary constitutional monarchy with four votes in the Bundesrat, and seventeen deputies in the Reichstag. The parliament consisted of two chambers known as the Kammer. The upper chamber was appointed and contained various noble, religious and educated subjects. The lower house  had 92 members, with 69 being elected by universal, direct and secret ballot by all male citizens over twenty-five years of age.  The other 23 were distributed for election based on proportional representation.

 The 8th Württemberg Infantry Regiment no. 126 (Straßburg) was under the tactical command of XV Army Corps, but still remained being an integral part of the XIII Army Corps. The “Rangliste 1914” marked the regiment as “abkommandiert zum XV AK”. With the mobilization this regiment also stood with the XV Army Corps.

Pauline Olga Helene Emma  (Stuttgart 19 Dec 1877-Ludwigsburg 7 May 1965); m.Stuttgart 29 Oct 1898 Friedrich Fst zu Wied (Neuwied 27 Jun 1872-Neuwied 18 Jun 1945)This manly looking person is actually the king's oldest daughter -- Pauline.

The capital was Stuttgart the 12th largest city in the empire. In 1914 the population was 2.5 million. Even though a “southern” state, Protestants outnumbered Catholics 2:1.  8.5 percent of the births were illegitimate.

King Charles died and was succeeded by his cousin William II.  King William had no sons, nor had his only Protestant relatives; consequently the succession would ultimately pass to a Roman Catholic branch of the family. This prospect raised up certain difficulties about the relations between church and state. The heir to the throne became the Roman Catholic Duke Albert.

WILHELM II Karl Paul Heinrich Friedrich, King of Württemberg, abdicated 29 Nov 1918 (Stuttgart 25 Feb 1848-Schloß Bebenhausen 2 Oct 1921); m.1st Arolsen 15 Feb 1877 Marie Pss zu Waldeck und Pyrmont (Arolsen 23 May 1857-Villa Marienwahl, nr Ludwigsburg 30 Apr 1882); m.2d Bückeburg 8 Apr 1886 Charlotte Pss zu Schaumburg-Lippe (Ratiboritz 10 Oct 1864-Schloß Bebenhausen 16 Jul 1946)

   

 

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Flags courtesy of FOTW Flags Of The World website at http://flagspot.net/flags/